Redness & Sensitive
Skin redness can be described as visible and transient flushes of redness in the skin due to an increased blood flow to certain areas from relaxation of the muscles in our blood vessels and commonly obvious on the face and neck. There are numerous reasons that can cause reddening of the skin for example, dry skin leading to red and sensitive skin from incorrect use of skin products and treatments, certain foods and beverages, medications and hormonal imbalances. Ongoing flushing may permanently damage the capillary walls leading to dilated capillaries and possibly rosacea. Redness can also contribute to skin sensitivity causing the skin to be reactive.
Having sensitive skin can mean you are genetically predisposed, you are born with a naturally thinner skin layers and your blood vessels sit more superficial (closer to the surface) or acquired sensitive skin that develops over time from modifiable lifestyle factors. It is important to identify and understand the differences between flushing and potentially having a chronic skin disorder. As mentioned earlier, repeated skin redness and sensitivity can lead to chronic and more permanent damage to the underlying vascular muscles resulting in rosacea.
Rosacea is a skin condition that presents quite commonly in the centre of the face and chin. It affects people with fairer skin, and Caucasians in particular. Classical characteristics of rosacea start with episodic visible and transient redness which progresses and stays visible more frequently and permanently. The continuation of redness is due to the dilated capillaries present on the skin accompanied by inflammation from skin irritation which can eventuate to bumps and lumps that resemble breakouts. The exact cause of rosacea is still being researched but have speculated a combination of influences that may increase the appearance of capillaries and attenuate the chronic condition such as genetics, lifestyle, medications both oral and topical, unsuitable skin products or incorrect skin treatments, and microscopic mites (demodex mite) that live on our skin and feed from our sebum.